Pabna district

The upazilas under Pabna district are:

Atgharia Upazila
Bangura Upazila
Bera Upazila
Bhangura Upazila
Chatmohar Upazila
Faridpur (Formerly Bonwareenogor) Upazila
Ishwardi Upazila
Pabna Sadar Upazila
Santhia Upazila
Sujanagar Upazila

The district of Pabna in Bangladesh, which forms the south east corner of the Rajshahi Division, is situated between 23°48′ and 24°47′ north latitude, and between 89°02′ and 89°50′ east longitude. The Bogra District bound it on the north, while the Padma River in the south separates it from the districts of Faridpur District and Kushtia District. The mighty Jamuna River runs along its eastern border separating it from the districts of Mymensingh and Dhaka; and on the west it has a common boundary with the district of Rajshahi. Kazirhat is a place for pabna there two river is in a one place one is jamuna and podma river.
Pabna (Town) consists of 15 wards and 34 mahallas. The area of the town is 18.64 sq km. The town has a population of 116371; male 52.37%, female 47.63%. The density of population is 6243 per sq km. Literacy rate among the town people is 60.1%. The only mental hospital (estd 1957) of Bangladesh is located in the town.
Administration Pabna district was established in 1832. It consists of 9 upazilas, 8 municipalities, 81 wards, 191 mahallas, 72 union parishads, 1321 mouzas and 1540 villages. The upazilas are atgharia, bera, bhangura, chatmohar, faridpur, ishwardi, santhia, sujanagar and pabna sadar. The municipalities are Bera, Bhangura, Chatmohar, Faridpur, Ishwardi, Santhia, Sujanagar and Pabna Sadar.
Archaeological heritage and relics Three domed Mosque at Bharara (1176 AH), three domed Kazipara Mosque (Bhangura), Chatmohar Shahi Mosque (989 AH), Pathanpara Khandokarni Mosque (built by the Afghans, Chatmohar), Samaj Shahi Mosque (958 AH), three domed Jami Mosque at Juktitala (Ishwardi), Jor Bangla Mandir (eighteenth century, Pabna), Jagannath Mandir, Seth Kuthi (1779), Snana Mandir (Chatmohar) and Pabna District Judge Court Building (1884).
Historical events Once the present area of the Pabna district was a part of the ancient Pundravardhana. Although established in 1832 the contours of the district has been changed many times. The major changes of the boundaries of the district took place in 1877 and 1881 with the major changes of the courses of the rivers Padma and Jamuna. In the 1980s greater Pabna district was divided into two districts: Pabna and Sirajganj.
Marks of the War of Liberation Mass grave 4, mass killing site 6, memorial 8.
Population 2153921; male 51.17%, female 48.83%; Muslim 95.12%, Hindu 4.50%, Christian 0.22% and others 0.16%.
Religious institutions Mosque 2353, temple 420, church 11, tomb 5, sacred place 2.
Literacy and educational institutions Average literacy 26.8%; male 31.8% and female 21.5%. Educational institutions: college 34, cadet college 2, law college 1, government polytechnic college 1, government vocational training institute 1, textile institute 1, government commerce college 1, primary teacher's training institute 1, nursing training institute 1, homeopathic college 1, high school 202, junior high school 29, madrasa 261, government primary school 667, non-government primary school 445, community school 8, kindergarten 29, satellite school 32, NGO operated school 299, music college 1. Noted educational institutions: Pabna Edward College (1898), Pabna Zila School (1853), GCI Institution (1894), RM Academy (1899), Polytechnic Institute (1891) and Aliya Madrasa (1925), MC Jubilee High School (1936), Debattar (Atgharia) Government Primary School (1880), Bharenga (Bera) Academy (1835), Bera B B High School (1899), Bera High School (1906), Dhobakhola Coronation High School (1906), Banwari Nagar (Faridpur) CB Pilot High School (1912), Sanra (Ishwardi) Marwari School (1917), Khalilpur (Sujanagar) High School (1901).
Cultural organisations Club 455, library 66, cinema hall 27, literary and cultural organisation 46, theatre stage 3, theatre group 19, community centre 1, shilpakala academy 1, voluntary organisation 303, women's organisation 123, opera party 3, cooperative society 1124.
Locally published newspapers and periodicals Dainik Ichamati, Dainik Nirvar, Dainik Uttar Janata (Ishwardi); Weeklies: Gayana Bikashini, Pabna Barta, Bibreti, Arshi; fortnightly Jamuna, Charmohar Barta, Faridpur Barta, Junction, Janadabi (Ishwardi); monthly Gayana Prava, Palli Darpan, Manasi, Amar Desh and Pabna, Tawhid (Bhangura), Chetana, Sachetan.
Main occupations Agriculture 34%, agricultural labourer 22.77%, wage labourer 4.46%, transport 2.18%, weaving 2.85%, commerce 13.27%, service 7.26% and others 13.21%.
Land control Among the peasants 29% are landless, 49% small, 18% intermediate and 4% rich.
Value of land The market value of the land of the first grade is Tk 7500 per 0.01 hectare.
Main crops Paddy, jute, wheat, sugarcane, oil seeds, onion, garlic, betel leaf, pulses.
Extinct or nearly extinct crops Indigo, sesame, linseed, kaun, china and arahar.
Main fruits Mango, jackfruit, banana, litchi, coconut, guava and papaya.
Fisheries, dairies, poultries Dairy 1069, fishery 88, poultry 714, hatchery 37.
Communication facilities Roads: pucca 681 km, semi pucca 100 km and mud road 3198 km; waterways 184 nautical mile; railways 67 km; air port 1.
Traditional transport Palanquin, horse carriage and bullock cart. These means of transport are either extinct or nearly extinct.
Manufactories Paper mill, sugar mill, cotton mill, jute press, oil mill, pharmaceutical co, biscuit factory, rice and flour mill, ice factory, welding, saw mill, cold storage, etc.
Cottage industries Handloom, bamboo and cane work, blacksmith, goldsmith, potteries, wood work, tailoring etc.
Hats, bazars and fairs Total number of hats and bazars are 182, fairs 17.
Main exports Paddy, jute, betel leaf, hosiery goods, cotton, cotton fabrics, etc.
NGO activities Operationally important NGOs are brac, CARE, asa, grameen bank, caritas, proshika, Samata, ITCL, thengamara mahila sabuj sangha and Palli Pragati.
Health centres General hospital 4, mental hospital 1, zila sadar hospital 1, upazila health complex 9, health & family planning centre 25, TB hospital 1, diabetic hospital 1, eye hospital 1, community hospital 1, maternity & child welfare centre 1, police hospital 1, railway hospital 1, private clinic 15.